Wearing a VR headset during surgery could reduce the amount of anaesthetic required, study finds

A study has found that the amount of anaesthetic a surgery patient requires could be reduced if they wear a virtual reality (VR) headset during the procedure. A: Image of a study patient using the VR equipment. B: Screenshot of a typical immersive environment with an example of text communication from study personnel


The amount of anaesthetic a surgery patient requires could be reduced if they wear a virtual reality (VR) headset during the procedure, a study has found.

Being immersed in a VR experience while in the operating room (OR) has been found to reduce pain and anxiety to the extent that a milder chemical sedation is required.

Scientists at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Massachusetts, USA, studied the responses of patients who wore a headset while undergoing hand surgery.

While they were able to request a sedative at any time during the procedure, the group ended up receiving lower dosages than a control group who did not use VR.

They also spent a shorter time in the post-anaesthesia care unit, and reported the same level of satisfaction as the control group.

It is hoped these findings could reduce cases of over-sedation, and its harmful side effects, in the future.

A study has found that the amount of anaesthetic a surgery patient requires could be reduced if they wear a virtual reality (VR) headset during the procedure. A: Image of a study patient using the VR equipment. B: Screenshot of a typical immersive environment with an example of text communication from study personnel

A study has found that the amount of anaesthetic a surgery patient requires could be reduced if they wear a virtual reality (VR) headset during the procedure. A: Image of a study patient using the VR equipment. B: Screenshot of a typical immersive environment with an example of text communication from study personnel

While they were able to request a sedative at any time during the procedure, the group ended up receiving lower dosages than a control group who did not use VR. They also spent a shorter time in the post-anaesthesia care unit, and reported the same level of satisfaction as the control group. A: Average total dose of propofol by group. B: Median length of stay in the post-anaesthesia care unit by group

While they were able to request a sedative at any time during the procedure, the group ended up receiving lower dosages than a control group who did not use VR. They also spent a shorter time in the post-anaesthesia care unit, and reported the same level of satisfaction as the control group. A: Average total dose of propofol by group. B: Median length of stay in the post-anaesthesia care unit by group

VIRTUAL REALITY EXPLAINED 

Virtual reality is a computer-generated simulation of an environment or situation. 

  • It immerses the user by making them feel like they are in the simulated reality through images and sounds
  • For example, in VR, you could feel like you’re climbing a mountain while sat at home 

Virtual reality is the term used to describe A three-dimensional, computer generated environment which can be explored and interacted with by a person. 

That person becomes part of this virtual world or is immersed within this environment and whilst there, is able to manipulate objects or perform a series of actions.

How is virtual reality achieved? 

Virtual reality is usually implemented using computer technology. There are a range of systems that are used for this purpose, such as headsets, omni-directional treadmills and special gloves. 

These are used to actually stimulate our senses together in order to create the illusion of reality. 

Senior author and anaesthesiologist Dr Brian P. O’Gara said: ‘With the increase in the amount of time people spend at the keyboard combined with our ageing population, there is a projected increased need for common elective hand surgeries.

See also  Amazon, Google close out their worst months on Wall Street since 2008

‘Optimising care for these patients will undoubtedly involve modification to anaesthetic practices. 

‘Virtual reality’s purported benefit in the management of patients with pain or anxiety is through providing an immersive experience capable of distracting the mind from processing the unpleasantries associated with undergoing surgery.’

According to the British Society for Surgery of the Hand, the demand for elective hand surgery is predicted to increase by 39 per cent over the next decade.

This is because there is an increasing ageing population and diabetes prevalence – both of which contribute to common hand conditions.

These include carpal tunnel syndrome, osteoarthritis and Dupuytren’s contracture. 

Patients undergoing hand surgery typically receive regional anaesthetic to block pain in the area during the procedure, plus monitored anaesthesia care (MAC).

This typically involves an IV-administered sedative – such as propofol – to keep patients sleepy and calm, but awake enough to follow instructions as needed.

However, too much sedation can lead to low blood pressure, upper airway obstruction or more serious complications like stroke, heart attack or respiratory failure.

For this study, published today in PLoS ONE, doctors aimed to discover if VR immersion reduced the dosage of sedative required during hand surgery, without negatively impacting patient satisfaction.

The team recruited 17 adults who were to undergo hand surgery with regional anaesthesia and MAC to experience VR during their procedure. 

They wore a headset and noise-cancelling headphones, and chose one of a selection of 360-degree, immersive environments.

These were each designed to promote relaxation and calmness, and options included meadow, forest or mountain top.

Another group of 17 who received regional anaesthesia and MAC were enrolled as the control group and did not wear a headset.

For both groups, supplementary anaesthetics and pain medication could be administered either upon patient request or the anaesthetist’s clinical judgement.

Significantly more patients in the VR group received supplemental local anaesthesia by the surgeon than in the control group. This suggests that receiving anaesthetic prior to VR-assisted surgery is important to the technique's success (stock image)

Significantly more patients in the VR group received supplemental local anaesthesia by the surgeon than in the control group. This suggests that receiving anaesthetic prior to VR-assisted surgery is important to the technique’s success (stock image)

The results revealed that the patients in the VR group received significantly less  propofol than those in the control group – a median of 260 mg less per case.

In fact, only four of the patients in this group received any at all, while every patient in the control group received the sedative.

However, significantly more patients in the VR group received supplemental local anaesthesia by the surgeon than in the control group.

This suggests that receiving anaesthetic prior to VR-assisted surgery is important to the technique’s success. 

The patients were also given questionnaires after the surgery that ask them to self-report on any pain, stress or functional difficulty.

See also  Tesla's self-driving software confuses horse-drawn carriage on the highway with a semi-truck

No differences were found in overall satisfaction between the VR and control groups, and both said their pain was well-controlled and that they felt relaxed during their surgery.

There were also no significant differences between the groups’ postoperative pain scores and functional outcome, or peri-operative opioid doses.

However, the VR group were discharged from the hospital an average of 22 minutes earlier than their counterparts in the control group.

‘A reduction in post-anaesthesia care unit stay could help optimise perioperative efficiency if the VR technique were used more widely,’ said Dr O’Gara.

‘Our trial is novel in that it is the first to report a significant reduction in sedative dosing with VR immersion during hand surgery on adults.

‘Using VR immersion, the potential harms of unnecessary sedation can be avoided without compromising patient comfort during hand surgery’

NHS medical students are now training on HOLOGRAMS to practice treating anaphylaxis and pneumonia 

Patient holograms are to be used to train British medical students in a world-first.

Medics at Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge will wear virtual reality headsets and treat life-like 3D patients as part of their training.

The pioneering technology will be used to teach a range of modules, starting with respiratory and emergency medicine.

Wearing the headsets or using their smartphones or tablets, students can see each other but also interact with a multi-layered holographic patient.

Trainees will give patients medicines, hook them up to ventilation and read their vital signs.

Read more here 

Wearing mixed reality headsets or using their smartphones or tablets, students can see each other but also interact with a multi-layered, medically accurate holographic patient

Wearing mixed reality headsets or using their smartphones or tablets, students can see each other but also interact with a multi-layered, medically accurate holographic patient



Source link

[S0EY1M] 3ds Free Codes and Nintendo Codes Free
Free Tiktok Followers Generator and How to Get Followers on Tiktok 2020 and Z7wtnk
[WPNOJS] Eshop Gift Cards and Card Codes
UNPYF Paysafecard Codes Free and Free Paysafecard Codes
how to get free money on cash app, free cash app money and cash app free money code
[CVOZZX] Nintendo Ds Family and Free Nintendo Eshop
Free PSN Gift Cards 2022 and How to Get PSN Gift Cards for Free
Free Tiktok Followers Generator and Why Does It Say I Have Zero Followers on Tiktok and 4btbp9
Xbox Gold Gift Cards Free, Free Xbox One 50 Dollar Gift Cards and Ger Free Xbox One Gift Cards No Servey
PSN \Gift Cards for Free and Free PSN Gift Cards in Pakistan
[PK7X2T] Wii Points Cards Codes and Can You Sell Pokemon Cards at Gamestop
how to make free money from cash app, how to request free money on cash app and get free money on cash app card 
FOANO Cumpara Paysafe Online and Paysafecard Online
TO9YD Paysafe Code Free and Free Paysafe Card
G91LA Coduri Paysafecard and Paysafecard Code 
how to get free money in my cash app, how to scam cash app and get free money 2022 and how can i get money on cash app for free 
O0GXL Cod Paysafecard Free and Free Paysafe 
[3PXOMI] Free Nintendo Gold Points Code and Nintedo Shop
Free Tiktok Followers Generator and Tiktok like and 49uq9d
R6VU1 Paysafecard Gift Card and Gift Cards Paysafe
PSN Free Gift Cards Codes and $100 Free PSN Gift Cards
Xbox Free Gift Cards by Points, Giving Away Free Xbox Gift Cards Live and Get Free Xbox One Gift Cards Free
Amazon PSN Gift Cards Codes Free and Free Gift Cards for PSN
free cash app account with money, is cash app free to transfer money and cash app++ free money
Free Codes for Xbox One Gift Cards, Free Xbox Gift Cards App Hack and Reddit Xbox One Free Gift Cards
Paysafe 50 Lei 2022 and Coduri De Paysafe
Xbox One Gift Cards Codes for Free, Free Xbox Gift Cards No Surveys or Downloads and Free Xbox Live Gift Cards No Surveys
Free Tiktok Followers Generator and How to Get Likes on Tiktok for Free and Jiq29g
Free PSN Gift Cards PSN and Free Gift Cards for PSN and Gift Card Generator
[YVT5L5] Nintendo Eshop Redeem Code and Wii U Money Cards
Free Fortnite V-bucks Generator and Fortnite Redeem Codes December 2021 and Tu062j
How to Get Free PSN Gift Cards Fast and Free Gift Cards for PSN Mod Apk
Free Fortnite V-bucks Generator and Fortnite Skins Code and 1ntrr8
M3CMK Paysafe Code Free and Free Paysafe Card
Free Fortnite V-bucks Generator and Free Vbucks Code and G9fig8
PN7Z3 Paysafecard Account Free and Gratis Paysafecard Codes
Free Tiktok Followers Generator and Socialboosting and Jgmdkz
make free money on cash app, referral code how to get free money on cash app and cash app glitch free money 
Free Xbox One Store Gift Cards, Free Xbox Digital Gift Cards Generator No Survey and Www,Gift Card Rebel 
Can You Get Free Xbox Gift Cards, Free Xbox One Gift Cards Codes with No Activation Key and Free Money Gift Cards for Xbox One
U0BNJ Paysafecard 25 Lei Gratuit and Www 
ways to make money on cash app for free, how to get money on your cash app for free and play free online games to earn money cash app
can i get free money on cash app, how to get free money on cash app right now and how to make free money on cash app on android
By californianews_gkdgq8

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Related Posts